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A.E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry

Kazan Scientific Centre Russian Academy of Sciences

The International Arbuzov Award in the field of organophosphorous chemistry

July 11, 1997, on the eve of the 120th anniversary of academician Alexander Е. Arbuzov, outstanding chemist, the Creator of a new branch of chemistry - chemistry of organophosphorus compounds, President of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaimiev signed a Decree on the establishment of the International Arbuzov Award in the field of organophosphorus chemistry.

The Institute's History

The history of Chemistry in Russia is a century and a half long. K. K. Klaus, N. N. Zinin, A. M. Butlerov, V. V. Markovnikov, A. M. Zaitsev were at its cradle. Academician A. E. Favorsky highly appreciated our city as “Chemical Mecca”. In the ХХth century the outstanding pleiad of Kazan chemists was augmented by Academicians Arbuzovs – Alexander Erminingeldovich, the founder of the Kazan Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the Chemical Institute belonging to it, and Boris Alexandrovich, the founder of Kazan Institute of Organic Chemistry and the Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry. During the Great Patriotic War it was just Kazan that received the evacuated Presidium of the Academy of sciences of the USSR and the Research Institutions of the Academy. Eleven chemical Institutes arrived from Moscow. In those severe years Kazan became
the academic capital of the country, and it is quite natural that the Kazan Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was organized on April 13, 1945 by the Resolution no. 745 of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR. The high scientific authority of A. E. Arbuzov, the first Academician in the Tatarstan Republic, in many respects promoted the realization of that project. The Presidium of the Academy of sciences of the USSR approved the structure of new branch with Chemical Institute as its part on August 25, 1945. Academician A. E. Arbuzov was appointed the chairman of the Presidium of Kazan branch of the Academy of Sciences and Director of the Institute. This is the starting point of the history of our Institute.

 

A.E. Arbuzov B.A. Arbuzov

In 1947 the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR I. V. Stalin signed the resolution to name the Chemistry Institute after A. E. Arbuzov. The years passed, the country had been taking the way of intense chemization of national economy. In 1958 the government decision “On acceleration of the development of production of artificial and
synthetic fibres, plastics and other synthetic materials” was taken. In response to it the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR adopted the resolution from December 12, 1958 on the organization of the Institute of organic chemistry, the second Academic Institute in Kazan, Academician B. A. Arbuzov was designated the director.
The construction of the building for the newly organized Institute started in 1959. The place was chosen at the city suburb of those days – the Neftyanikov street (since 1970 – the academician A. E. Arbuzov street). Deputy directors I. M. Marinin and K. V. Nikonorov contributed greatly to this construction work.

On February 5, 1965 the Presidium of the Academy of sciences of the USSR merged the A. E. Arbuzov Chemistry Institute and the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Kazan into the single A. E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (IOPC). The Academician B. A. Arbuzov was appointed the director of the new institute. At that time the institute staff was 480 persons.
The formation of the Institute was accompanied by the organization and more and more wide application of various physical methods of research of organic compounds. By means of these methods a series of works on determining the structure of synthesized compounds, special arrangement of atoms in molecules, the study of chemical bonds
nature, allowing one to understand the properties and behavior of the substances in the reactions, was performed.
The other specific feature of the Institute was its orientation at the search for new biologically active compounds, aimed mainly at the obtaining of new effective medical preparations.
During decades the structure of the Institute, staff and number of the laboratories changed, the research areas developed. After B. A. Arbuzov, since 1971 the Institute was headed by outstanding Kazan chemists A. N. Pudovik (the B. A. Arbuzov’s disciple), A. N. Vereschagin (the B. A. Arbuzov’s disciple), E. S. Batyeva (the A. N. Pudovik’s disciple), A. I. Konovalov (the B. A. Arbuzov’s disciple).

The first director of the IOPC B.A.Arbuzov (right side) and his follower A.I.Konovalov (left side)


The A. E. Arbuzov Institute, continuing the traditions of Kazan Chemical Institutes of the Academy of sciences, contributed greatly to the development of modern chemistry of organoelement compounds, chemistry of heterocyclic and natural compounds, oil chemistry. At the Institute earlier unknown reactions and rearrangements are discovered, new classes of chemical compounds are synthesized. New synthetic procedures are developed, the structure, reactivity and physiological activity of various organic and
organoelement compounds, mainly phosphorus derivatives, were developed.

 

A.N. Pudovik 
A.N. Vereschagin E.S. Batiyeva
 
A.I.Konovalov O.G.Sinyashin